The Principles of Pilates

“(Pilates) is the complete coordination of body, mind, and spirit. (Pilates) develops the body uniformly, corrects wrong postures, restores physical vitality, invigorates the mind, and elevates the spirit.”                                                     – Joseph Pilates



Joseph Pilates called his method of body conditioning “Contrology” or “The Art of Control”. Every movement of each Pilates exercise requires complete control of your body by your mind. There should be no sudden, meaningless, or haphazard movements during your Pilates workout, because it is a mind body connection. This is why the Pilates method is such a safe exercise regimen. Exercise without awareness and control can lead to injury.


Breath is essential to the Pilates method. Proper breathing oxygenates your blood, increases you circulation and flexibility, deepens the work of your abdominals, and brings a sense of ease to your movement. As a general rule, we inhale to prepare for a movement and we exhale to execute it. Many people tend to hold their breath while exercising, or they only use a shallow breath. Always breathe deeply and fully, inhaling through your nose and exhaling through your mouth.



In order to maximize your workout, you must be completely present during your session. Don’t let your mind wander! Concentration is key! It is your mind that connects to your body and moves it into action. Pay attention to all of your movements as you are performing them, and concentrate on improving your form by focusing on every detail of the exercises. The more focus and mindful intention that you bring to your workout the more effective and stronger you will become.



All of the movements in the Pilates method stem from your core, the center and foundation of your body. Joseph Pilates often called this area the “powerhouse” of your body, and it includes the abdominals, lower back muscles, and buttocks. Each and every exercise in Pilates initiates from the powerhouse and then flows outwards into the periphery of the body. Also, make sure that the body is always centered by using proper alignment and form.


Flow, or the fluidity of motion, is something that really sets Pilates apart from other forms of exercise. There are no static, jerky, or fragmented movements in the Pilates method. Each exercise should have a smooth, graceful, dance-like quality to it. Concentrate on flow not only during each individual exercise, but also on the transitions from one exercise to the next. Seamless fluid transitions thread the exercises together so that your body is constantly in motion and your muscles are constantly working, even in between the exercises.


Every exercise in the Pilates method has a purpose and a goal. Therefore, as you approach each exercise be precise and try to execute the exercise as perfectly as possible. As Joseph Pilates used to say “honor every movement”. Most of the exercises in Pilates have only 6-8 repetitions, thus you must focus on doing a few precise perfect repetitions rather than many halfhearted ones. Constantly scan your body and focus on integrating all of the principles of Pilates: control, breath, concentration, flow, centering, and precision.